Here are some charts, many showing extreme climates.
Clyde NWT, is deep in northern Canada. It's very cold.
Dallas, Texas - much warmer.
Sydney, Australia. In the southern hemisphere, July and August are the coldest months.
Kuala Lumpur, Maylaysia - Hot all year.
Clyde NWT, deep in northern Canada. Also very dry.
Aberdeen, Washington, USA. Pretty dry in the summer, pretty wet the rest of the year.
Cherrapunji, India. Wow, a monsoon season that goes literally off the charts.
Minneapolis, Minnesota. Midway between the equator and the north pole.
Clyde, NWT, Canada is so far north that it experiences both midnight sun in summer and no sun in winter.
Sydney, Australia. In the southern hemisphere, the longest day is in December.
Mawson, an Australian station in the Antarctic, gets midnight sun in December.